Seabirds – common eiders
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Seabirds2Common eiders are important for traditional food and lifestyles, as well as being the basis of a commercial industry. The world population ranges between 1.5 and 3.0 million breeding pairs. Along with other eider species, common eiders have experienced substantial declines over several decades. Current trends vary but some populations in Alaska, Canada, and Greenland are recovering with improved harvest management. Disease outbreaks such as avian cholera can dramatically affect common eiders, while fishing by-catch in gillnets is a significant problem in some areas. Increasing oil and gas activities may put eider ducks at further risk in the future.