INDICATOR #18 Reindeer herding
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  • 7. Kumpula, J. 2001. Productivity of the semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer t. tarandus L.) stock and carrying capacity of pastures in Finland during 1960-1990ÅLs. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis A375. University of Oulu, Oulu.
  • 8. Beach, H. 1997 Negotiating nature in Swedish Lapland: ecology and economics of Saami reindeer management. In: A. Smith and J. McCarter (eds.) Contested Arctic: Indigenous Peoples, Nation States, and Circumpolar Environments. Seattle: U of Washington Press (1997).
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  • 13. Müller-Wille, L., Hukkinen, J., Müller, F., BoÅNlter, M. & Forbes, B.C. 2006. Synthesis: environmental and sociopolitical conditions for modern reindeer management in Europe’s North. In: Forbes, B.C., M. BoÅNlter, L. Müller-Wille, J. Hukkinen, F. Müller, N. Gunslay, and Y. Konstantinov (eds.) Reindeer management in northernmost Europe: linking practical and scientific knowledge in socialecological systems. Ecological Studies 184. Springer, Berlin.
  • 14. Helle, T. & Kojola, I. 2006. Population trends of semidomesticated reindeer in Fennoscandia – evaluation of explanations. In: Forbes, B.C., M. BoÅNlter, L. Müller-Wille, J. Hukkinen, F. Müller, N. Gunslay, and Y. Konstantinov (eds.) Reindeer management in northernmost Europe: linking practical and scientific knowledge in social-ecological systems. Ecological Studies 184. Springer, Berlin.
  • 15. Mysterud, A. 2006. The concept of overgrazing and its role in management of large herbivores. Wildl. Biol. 12:129-141.
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  • 18. van der Wal, R. 2006. Do herbivores cause habitat degradation or vegetation state transition? Evidence from the tundra. Oikos 114:177-186.
  • 19. Kitti, H., Forbes, B.C. & Oksanen, J. 2009 Long- and short-term effects of reindeer grazing on tundra wetland vegetation. Polar Biol. 32:253-261.
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  • 22. Uhlig, C., Sveistrup, T.E., & Schjelderup, I. 2004. Impacts of reindeer grazing on soil properties on Finnmarksvidda, northern Norway. Rangifer. Special Issue 15:83-91.
  • 23. Broll, G. 2000. Influence of overgrazing by reindeer on soil organic matter and soil microclimate of well-drained soils in the Finnish Subarctic. In: R. Lal, J.M. Kimble and B.A. Stewart, B.A. (eds.) Global climate change and cold region ecosystems. CRC Press, Boca Raton. pp. 163-172.
  • 24. Macias Fauria, M., Helle, T., Niva, A., Posio, H. & Timonen, M. 2008. Removal of the lichen mat by reindeer enhances tree growth in a northern Scots pine forest. Can. J. Forest Res. 38:2981–2993.
  • 25. Forbes, B.C., Arctic Centre, University of Lapland. pers. comm. 2009.
  • 26. Forbes, B.C., Fresco, N., Shvidenko, A., Danell. K. & Chapin, F.S. III. 2004. Geographic variations in anthropogenic drivers that influence the vulnerability and resilience of high latitude social-ecological systems. Ambio. 33:377-382.
  • 27. Turi, J.M. 2000. Native reindeer herders’ priorities for research. Polar Res. 19(1):131-133.
  • 28. DahlstroÅNm, AÅã.N. 2003. Negotiating wilderness in a cultural landscape: predators and Saami reindeer herding in the Laponian world heritage area. Uppsala Studies in Cultural Anthropology 32. University of Uppsala, Uppsala.
  • 29. Norberg, H., Kojola, I., Aikio, P. & Nylund, M. 2006. Predation by golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos on semi-domesticated reindeer Rangifer tarandus calves in northeastern Finnish Lapland. Wildl. Biol. 12(4):393–402.
  • 30. Forbes, B.C. 2008 Equity, vulnerability and resilience in social-ecological systems: a contemporary example from the Russian Arctic. Research in Social Problems and Public Policy. 15:203-236.
  • 31. Stammler, F. et al. (2009) “Ilebts” declaration on coexistence of oil and gas activities and indigenous communities on Nenets and other territories in the Russian North. Rovaniemi: Arctic Centre, University of Lapland. http://www.arcticcentre.org/ declaration [Accessed 18 November 2009].
  • 32. Forbes, B.C., Stammler, F., Kumpula, T., Meschtyb, N., Pajunen, A. & KaarlejaÅNrvi, E. 2009. High resilience in the Yamal-Nenets social-ecological system, West Siberian Arctic, Russia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 106: 22041-22048.
  • 33. Stammler, F. & Peskov, V. 2008. Building a ‘Culture of dialogue’ among stakeholders in North-West Russian oil extraction. Europe-Asia Studies. 60(5): 831-849.
  • 34. Forbes, B.C., Ebersole, J.J., & Strandberg, B. 2001. Anthropogenic disturbance and patch dynamics in circumpolar arctic ecosystems. Conserv. Biol. 15:954 –969.
  • 35. Khitun, O. & Rebristaya, O. 2002. In: A.E. Watson, L. Alessa and J. Sproull (eds.) Wilderness in the Circumpolar North. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO., pp 85–95.
  • 36. Klokov, K.B. 1997. Northern reindeer of the Taymyr Okrug as the focus of economic activity: contemporary problems of reindeer husbandry and the wild reindeer hunt. Polar Geog. 21:233-271.