Changing distribution of marine fish
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ChangingThere is evidence of changes occurring in the distribution of some fish species, specifically a northward shift of both bottom-dwelling and pelagic marine species, and in both exploited and unexploited fish stocks. Climate change is likely one of the reasons for the shifts, along with other factors such as fishing pressure. Temperature changes in the oceans can affect fish populations directly (e.g., shifting to areas with preferred temperatures) and indirectly (e.g., by impacting food supply or the occurrence of predators). Computer modeling using current climate change scenarios indicates that the distribution and abundance of Arctic fin, an important prey species, may be greatly reduced over the next 30 years. The implications of such changes on both marine ecosystems and the human societies dependent upon them are a cause for concern.