Wild reindeer and caribou
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reindeerWild reindeer and caribou have declined by about 33% since populations peaked in the 1990s and early 2000s. While some of the smaller populations are either stable or increasing, the majority of the large herds are in decline. The major stressors contributing to declines vary between herds but climate is an important factor for many herds. For more southern herds, increased human activity and industrial development are of particular concern. The broad spectrum of changes occurring across the tundra environment may delay or slow the recovery of some herds, and some herds may disappear altogether.